PETALING JAYA - For the first time, Tenaga Nasional Bhd (TNB) and the independent power producers (IPPs) have joined forces to send a letter to Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak on the urgency of the gas supply shortage issue.
StarBiz learnt that the letter, signed by TNB CEO Datuk Seri Che Khalib Mohd Noh and IPP association Penjanabebas president Dr Ong Peng Su, purportedly touched on the following:
TNB would likely sink deeper into the red based on current running losses;
Petroliam Nasional Bhd (Petronas) should supply based on the volume of gas of 1,250 million standard cubic feet per day (mmscfd) that was agreed upon in 2009;
Petronas should pay for the cost of the distillates equivalent to the cost of gas that has been withheld.
In the letter, TNB pointed out that the cost of distillates was five times that of gas and that TNB would not be able to sustain this anymore.
Of TNB's fuel mix, the bulk used to comprise of gas (60%), followed by coal (33%) and hydro (7%). Due to shortage of gas, coal now makes up almost half of the fuel mix.
TNB spends more than RM400mil per month on the difference between the cost of distillates and that of gas. Its recent financial results indicated a hefty net loss of RM453.9mil in its fourth quarter due to this problem.
The IPPs that are affected by the gas shortage included Segari, YTL Power, GB3, Genting Sanyen, Powertek, PB Power and Prai Power.
When contacted, Petronas said it had long made known its view that over-dependence on gas was not sustainable. Since 2005, it had been highlighting the issue to relevant stakeholders.
“Regular discussions and engagement sessions are also held so that customers could plan ahead their necessary measures and actions to mitigate potential impact to their operations and businesses.
“However, the convenience of cheap gas continues to drive demand,” said Petronas in a statement.
Petronas said the fire at the Bekok C offshore platform had taken out 160 mmscfd out of over 2,000 mmscfd of gas from the Peninsular Malaysia supply system.
Various initiatives are being undertaken to squeeze additional molecules from existing fields; development of small and marginal fields including Tangga Barat, Berantai and North Malay Basin will come onstream in phases from end of this year till 2015.
Petronas will begin importing liquefied natural gas (LNG) once the Malacca LNG terminal is ready for commercial operations; this first LNG receiving terminal is scheduled for completion in July 2012.
Petronas is also securing an additional 215 mmscfd from the Malaysia Thailand Joint Development Area, which is scheduled top come into the system in 2015.
In the short term, Petronas is implementing:
A mobile offshore platform unit to recover the volume loss from the Bekok C;
Sweating' the existing producing fields in Peninsular Malaysia through gas accelerated initiatives that focus on production acceleration, gas recovery improvement and removal of bottlenecks, and
An agreement with its Vietnamese partner for a short term swap deal involving 50 mmscfd for a month, from the Malaysia-Vietnam Commercial Arrangement Area.
“Petronas remains committed to help resolve the current situation and is taking all the necessary steps to expedite all mitigation measures to ensure the long term security of the nation,” it said, adding that it had been supplying natural gas to the power sector since 1984.
Up to 1997, the gas was supplied based on formulated prices; came the Asian financial crisis, the government regulated gas prices to help the industry cushion the impact from the crisis.
Up to August this year, Petronas absorbed RM143.4bil in price differential, out of which RM103.2bil was for for gas supplied to the power sector.
There is very little spare volume of gas; Petronas and upstream players are often requested to postpone maintenance schedules.
This, coupled with aging facilities, often resulted in unscheduled shutdowns.
“Petronas would curtail supply to its customers including those in Singapore, to ensure adequate pipeline system pressure so that each customer receives optimum volume of gas,” it said.
Production from existing fields is on a fast decline; from January to August this year, 37% of Peninsular Malaysia's gas needs were met by imports from Indonesia and gas developed from the overlapping Malaysia-Thai and Malaysia-Vietnam areas.
“However, this may soon become a challenge as production from these external sources is also decreasing,” Petronas said.
Prime Minister Najib Razak may have left Perth, Australia for Mecca, where he is due to perform the Umrah prayers to cleanse himself and to atone to God before focusing on the 13th general elections.
But Australians, especially the Perth retailers, sure remember him and his family during their latest visit there for CHOGM meeting.
Despite raging debate, with former Malaysian premier Abdullah Badawi heatedly championing a common stand for the prevention of human rights abuse, the placid Najib still managed to steal his own thunder.
Over the weekend, Najib was snapped dozing off in the middle of a speech by another Commonwealth head of government. The picture was flashed all around cyberspace and created much rude laughter in Malaysia.
Daughter comes to the fore
Then his daughter was spotted spending AUD60,000 or about RM200,000 at David Jones, an average department store in Australia.
Obviously, Malaysians - many of whom have studied in states in Melbourne, Perth and New South Wales - are wondering what she could have found to buy worth so much at David Jones, considering that she has the option to shop in London, France and Monte Carlo!
An excerpt of the news clipping reads as follows.
Gathering for the Commonwealth summit has been an opportunity for a shopping spree and sightseeing around Perth for many delegates and visitors.
A few city retailers reaped the rewards, with one first lady known to have bought AUD150,000 worth of WA pearls while the daughter of Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak's daughter is believed to have spent AUD60,000 in David Jones.
What would his dad say?
The newspaper didn't name the first lady nor Najib's daughter. He has two, but the one from the previous marriage seldom accompanies him and Rosmah, who is his second wife.
But it is not impossible that Najib's wife Rosmah Mansor could be that first lady. For sure, all eyes will be on what she wears around her neck when she returns. However, those who follow her fashion likes and dislikes say AUD150,000 would be a mere trinket for Rosmah, known to go for jewellery worth dozens of millions.
Indeed, she has been in the scandal sheets over a huge blue diamong ring said to be worth USD24.4 million, so the pearl necklace mentioned in the Aussie daily would be a paltry sum not worth mentioning to the Najibs, who are now fabulously rich.
Najib himself, despite being the eldest son of the second prime minister and being born into a privileged background, never experienced such wealth before in his own youth.
Abdul Razak Hussein, a dour looking man, was known for his serious character and race championing activities rather than for the reckless spending by the female members in his family.
The Kazakh connection
The daughter who blew AUD60,000 is likely to be Nooryana, who recently got engaged to a relative of another rich-beyond-imagination political family - the Nazarbayevs of Kazakhstan.
President Nazarbayev has an international reputation of being a despot who rules his oil-rich state with a fist of iron. With her fiancee's wealth behind her, Nooryana may not be spending her mum and dad's money but the Nazarbayevs!
Coincidentally, this is not the first time the Najibs have been caught splashing their wealth in Perth. On August 31, Najib sneaked away for a quickie-holiday with his family on Independence or Merdeka Day without informing the nation.
He was grilled in Parliament for his irresponsible act and taken to task for abusing public money and using the government's private jet to ferry himself and guests to the holiday rendezvous.
Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad has trotted out the simplistic notion that his long-discredited “Look East” Policy, obviously in its original form, is the best way forward for the country to cope with “the anticipated uncertain economic times ahead”.
Malaysian-born Chinese and Indians would be naive if they think Mahathir's "Look East" would include without question the booming economies of China and India - if his original plan is anything to go by. It was Japan that Mahathir targeted in the 80s in his misguided 'vision' to nullify the Chinese role in the Malaysian economy by repleacing them with the Japanese.
Mahathir equals Japan with success and the West with failed models, clearly in a reference to the debt crisis plaguing European economies and the burgeoning national debt burden of the United States.
Singapore pushes ahead due to wiser policies
But he should look at Singapore, south of the causeway and paced by his nemesis Lee Kuan Yew, which by 2010 had a economy larger than Malaysia’s by US$5 billion – US$ 210 billion v US$ 205 billion -- and has a national debt burden equivalent to 98 per cent of its Gross Domestic Product.
Unlike Malaysia however, Singapore puts its borrowings to good use and maintains a high level of national reserves and investments in the form of Sovereign Funds invested worldwide. Not only did it court Japan, but also India and China, where most of its trade now comes from.
Malaysia is more into splurging its borrowings and revenues on the politics of patronage through the dishing out of government projects to a favoured few at grossly inflated prices i.e. at least double to triple what it should actually cost the tax-payer.
No western economy – the failed models referred to by Mahathir – allows this kind of outright pillage of the National Treasury to take place in broad daylight. They do not dip either into Pension Funds to fund even more hare-brained schemes dreamed up by the fat cats and their political masters.
The bakery test
Mahathir’s gushing admiration of the Japanese is grossly misplaced.
Obviously, he still hopes that the Japanese will play a greater role in Malaysia’s economy, to the detriment of the Chinese, and to the benefit of the Umno elite. More on that shortly!
So far, Mahathir has only been able to persuade a Japanese baker to team up with him in a venture called The Loaf. It was failing at the beginning and now while it can pack in hungry shoppers and tourists, the improvement took off only after it offered 50% discounts and other promotional items. The complaint is that the breads and pastry products turned out are too expensive but Mahathir plods on nevertheless.
The thing is, if Mahathir can’t run even a simple bakery, no one should take his various pronouncements on the economy too seriously. He’s too proud to admit that he was been wrong, get rid of his Japanese partner, and bring in a local Chinese or Indian or East Malaysian one.
But is the Japanese economy doing so well?
Suffice it to say that Japan Incorporated is a creation of US General Douglas McArthur after the Japanese surrendered unconditionally to the Americans to end World War II in Asia and the Pacific. The so-called Japanese Miracle was purely due to America opening its market to that country. The reverse was the reason why Japan bombed Pearl Harbour in Hawaii on 7th Dec 1941 to spark off World War II in Asia and the Pacific.
Ever since the end of World War II, until the recent emergence of China, both Japan and the US have been like two drunk men, clinging on to each other, lest one of them fall into the nearest ditch. In the end, it was Japan which fell into the ditch over the undervalued Yen vis-a-vis the US dollar, the burgeoning Japanese reserves of US dollars which were promptly invested in US Treasury Bills and the trade imbalance between the two countries in favour of the former.
Japan went into a 15-year long deflation and had just come out of it when it went into yet another deflationary period in the wake of the local bad debts ridden banking industry.
Now, no one is sure where the Japanese economy stands except for its inroads into the Chinese economy to reduce its dependency on the US market. This is the failing economic model that Mahathir wants Malaysia to emulate.
Sidelined by China because of his racist agenda
China has since replaced Japan in the US market. The country is plagued by the same problems that Japan faced with Washington i.e. an undervalued Yuan vis-a-vis the US dollar, the burgeoning Chinese reserves of US dollars which are promptly being invested in US Treasury Bills and growing trade imbalance between the two countries in favour of the former.
China and the US today are like two drunken men, clinging on to each other, fearful lest one of them fall into the nearest ditch. Deja Vu!
Tiny Singapore meanwhile replaced China last year as Malaysia biggest trading partner. This factor, more than anything else, indicates just how far Malaysia has fallen out of favour in the Chinese market.
By right, Malaysia should be tapping into both the Indian and Chinese markets. That’s where all the economic action can be found, and to a lesser extent in Brazil, Russia, Mexico, South Africa, Eastern Europe and the Gulf Co-operation Countries.
Offered to let the Japanese replace the Chinese in Malaysia
Few know that the Look East Policy, as it was implemented, was a Japanese variation of Mahathir’s original hare-brained scheme. Insider accounts suggest that the racist ex-Prime Minister, in his version, had the nerve to suggest to Japan that he was willing to allow its citizens to migrate to Malaysia in droves to replace the Chinese role in the economy.
He also acted unilaterally and decreed that Japan’s horrible World War II record in Malaysia should be omitted mention in local school textbooks.
In return, he wanted the Japanese to bring his “Malays” (read Umno elite and selected warlords) into their businesses as genuine partners. The Chinese were not willing to do this, he complained to the Japanese.
The Japanese were shocked and would have none of Mahathir’s sick schemes to reduce the Chinese business community in Malaysia to irrelevance.
Instead, Tokyo was willing to give scholarships to Mahathir’s “Malays” and train them in various skills. Japan was also willing to send Japanese instructors over to Malaysia to teach at various technical schools in the country and help set up new ones.
Japanese gave him back his own medicine
In order to soften the blow, the Japanese came up with a hare-brained scheme of their own to feed Mahathir’s bloated ego viz. the Proton Saga as the National Car “to prove that his kind can be world-beaters”.
The engineering drawings of a Mitsubishi Lancer model which failed in the Singapore and Malaysian markets were quickly dusted and recycled to Malaysia for an undisclosed, but reportedly steep, sum. The Japanese, along with the engineering drawings, sold Malaysia some old jigs as new ones to turn out the Proton Saga. This was to add insult to injury.
Proton, even since its inception in the 1980s, has been the bane of the Malaysian motoring public, thanks to Mahathir and the Japanese.
Every Proton model since the very first one has been a cosmetic variation of the first since the company lacks the resources to come up with new engines. Ten years ago, Proton itself estimated that it would cost at least RM 500 million to develop a new engine. The amount can only be recouped after three years in the market. By that time, a brand new model would have to be introduced to the market. Besides, any sales less than one million units a year for a particular model was not a viable proposition.
Taxpayers pay the price of Dr M's racism
Malaysians and Petronas continue to subsidize Proton cars in keeping with the Look East Policy but not before Mitsubishi was unceremoniously given the boot.
It’s unlikely that Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak would ever consider giving Mahathir’s Look East Policy even a cursory glance. This is a policy which has not only failed spectacularly but alienated Malaysia from the west and kept the country in the economic doldrums and the backwaters.
The Japanese do not have two horns on their heads and will have nothing to do with any racist Hidden Agenda – read the Look East Policy -- against the Chinese business community in Malaysia.