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Monday, June 24, 2024

Mangosteen: A Hard Fruit With Delicious Taste

Malaysia or Indonesia, with its tropical climate, is a suitable habitat for a diverse amount of fruit species. The combination of all-year sunlight exposure and regular rainfall create the perfect environment to help the plant’s growth and development.

Mangosteen is no exception; it flourishes in different areas around Indonesia. It usually sold in the traditional market, but also can be found in the supermarket.

Botanically, mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) is classified into the Cluciaceae family. The mangosteen is native from Southeast Asia, including Indonesia Archipelago. Mangosteen’s production center in Indonesia is mostly concentrated in Java. The Province of West Java become the highest mangosteen-producing region, especially in Tasikmalaya, Ciamis, Bogor, and Sukabumi. Mangosteen is also cultivated in Central java, East Java, West Sumatera, and Bali,

Mangosteen is a tropical tree, which is able to reach 6 to 20 meters. Typical of the wooden tree, mangosteen has a straight trunk with brown-colored bark. The leaf has an oval, slightly elongated shape. The upside of mangosteen’s leaf has a glossy green color, while the bottom side is yellowish. Mangosteen’s flower is bell-shaped, mostly red in color.

Mangosteen’s fruit is well-known for its round shape and tough, purple-colored skin. The average size of the fruit is 3,5 – 7 cm in diameter. The fruit’s white flesh covers its light-brown seed. Mangosteen has its flesh divided into segments. The number of fruit segments can be determined by counting the number of stigma lobes on the exterior apex. People are guessing the number of fruit segments by this method; mostly, their guess is accurate. From this practice, the term “mangosteen guess” (tebak-tebak buah manggis in Bahasa) has emerged.

Establishing a mangosteen plantation should consider several criteria. An area located in elevation 500 – 600 m above sea level is recommended, with maximal elevation is no more than 1000 m above sea level. Mangosteen should be planted in the area with less exposure to strong wind. Another important element of mangosteen’s ideal environment is a frequent rainfall, around 1500 – 2500 mm annually, with temperature ranging from 22 to 32 C. Mangosteen tree thrives in the soil rich in organic matters. The suitable pH value is slightly acidic to neutral, between 5 to 7.

To propagate mangosteen, a generative method by seedlings is recommended. Vegetative propagation, such as grafting, can also be selected. It takes around 10 – 15 years for mangosteen’s seedlings to reach the flowering age. Grafting method cuts short the flowering period into 5 – 7 years. After 100 days of blooming, the mangosteen’s fruit is reaching the maturity age and ready to be harvested.

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Sunday, June 23, 2024

Khairuddin wants police, MACC to probe Apandi over 1MDB

Khairuddin Abu Hassan has urged the police and MACC to conduct criminal investigations against former attorney-general Mohamed Apandi Ali over the 1MDB scandal.

The ally to former prime minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad said he was puzzled why Apandi had not been charged in court.

This was after the justice system already found former prime minister Najib Abdul Razak guilty and sentenced the latter to jail over crimes involving 1MDB, he added.

Khairuddin (above) alleged that Apandi was complicit in the crimes and had abused his power by attempting to cover up the scandal.

“The police and MACC should reopen their investigations and take action against Apandi, who had been complicit and tried to cover up the 1MDB scandal from public knowledge at the time (when Apandi was in office),” Khairuddin said in a statement today.

He said when Apandi was in office, the then attorney-general made several public statements claiming there was no crime committed in the 1MDB issue.

Ex-AG Mohamed Apandi Ali

Those acts should not be forgiven as the scandal had caused the country to suffer losses in the billions of ringgit, the Muafakat Nasional supreme council member added.

“In my personal view, Apandi betrayed the citizens of this country in (his actions) involving the 1MDB scandal, which has already been proven in the country’s High Court, Court of Appeal, and the Federal Court.

“Apandi was a civil servant who failed to carry out his responsibilities professionally and was dishonest,” he said.

Arrested under Sosma, Penal Code

In comparison, Khairuddin pointed out that he was arrested under the Security Offences (Special Measures) Act (Sosma) for trying to bring the 1MDB issue to public attention.

He said the authorities had arrested and charged him under the security law for lodging reports on the misappropriation of 1MDB funds in Singapore, Hong Kong, France, Switzerland, the UK, and the United States.

“This is the kind of law that we have in our country today.

“The police and MACC should indict Apandi who was dishonest and betrayed the interest and future of our country, which caused our taxpayers to have to repay billions of ringgit in debt incurred by the 1MDB scandal.”

Earlier in 2015, during the BN administration under Najib, Khairuddin made numerous reports in the country and overseas over the losses suffered by 1MDB.

This led to the authorities detaining the former Umno member under Section 124C of the Penal Code on Sept 18, 2015.

Upon his release several days later on Sept 23, Khairuddin was rearrested under Sosma and charged under Section 124L of the Act on Oct 12, for alleged sabotage of financial institutions.

However, on May 12, 2017, the Kuala Lumpur Sessions Court acquitted the former Batu Kawan Umno division leader of the criminal charge.

Khairuddin then filed and won a lawsuit over his 62-day detention. In its ruling, the Kuala Lumpur High Court awarded Khairuddin RM300,000 in damages. - Mkini

Dr M blames Pak Lah, Najib for causing disunity among Malays

 


Former prime minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad blamed his successors for causing division among the Malays, alleging that their incompetence caused the community to abandon Umno.

He claimed the problem began right after he resigned from his first tenure as the prime minister in 2003 and handed over the reins to Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.

He said during an interview that the Malays were largely behind Umno during his 22 years as the party president and Malaysia’s top executive, up until Abdullah took over.

According to the Mahathir, who turns 99 next month, Umno became weak under Abdullah’s rule which led to the party losing its grip on five states in the 2008 general election.

“That was the beginning of the split in Umno. Umno became very weak, and people were not supporting Umno any more,” he told news portal Free Malaysia Today in an exclusive interview.

For the record, the Umno-led BN coalition under Abdullah scored a massive victory in the 2004 general election, where it won 198 out of 219 parliamentary seats contested.

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

However, the coalition had a poor showing in 2008, where it lost its two-thirds majority in the Dewan Rakyat. It was also the first time BN lost in five states, namely Selangor, Kedah, Penang, Perak, and Kelantan.

“At first, people thought he was a very good leader, and they gave him full support. But between 2004 and 2008, it was shown that he was not capable,” Mahathir said.

The situation, according to him, was worsened by Abdullah’s successor Najib Abdul Razak who took over in 2009, whom he said caused a further split among the Malays.

This was due to the financial scandals during Najib’s time, he said, including the infamous 1MDB case.

Malays divided into parties

In the interview, Mahathir blamed the disunity caused by his successors for weakening the Malays’ political standing which he said had rendered them unable to have majority control in the Dewan Rakyat today.

Bersatu supporters

Former Umno leaders forming other political parties and causing support to be divided also contributed to this predicament, he added.

“The Malays are now split into four or five political parties.”

It should be noted that Mahathir had also quit Umno and was involved in setting up two other political parties.

In 2016, he formed Bersatu together with Muhyiddin Yassin and several other former Umno leaders.

Mahathir later formed Pejuang, another Malay-based political party, after he was given the boot from Bersatu following an internal struggle with Muhyiddin. - Mkini