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Saturday, September 29, 2012

NCR NOT REPEALED BY THE LAND ORDINANCE 1930





By : SENATOR DATUK MAIJOL MAHAP

"THE NCR law in Sabah is still subsisting until today. It was not repealed by the Land Ordinance 1930. The provisions under sections 13-16 of the existing Sabah Land Ordinance clearly show that NCR laws are still very much alive in Sabah. No body should ever try to deny, nullify or amend those native rights.

Therefore claim for NCR must be treated as NCR claim under those provisions and not under the normal application for land as stated by the Director of Land Survey Deptartment. After all, as i know the Dept has been receiving NCR claims before and has approved them under those provisions. There is no reason why they can't continue doing it.
Those provisions were put in by the legislators when Sabah was governed by the British because actually native customary law including NCR predate any law, and if the govt wants to outlaw it now, there must be a clear and consensus action by the native legislators to do it. The Rambilin case is very clear on this.

But i dont think any native legislator will want to do it. The Director cant amend the law unilaterally. I hope what the Director said doesnt reflect the stance of the govt because if it does then it will be sad day for the natives in Sabah. The natives do not want their rights both substance and procedure to be eroded or compromised. "

(NOTE : Senator Datuk Maijol Mahap Is A Deputy Chairman And Legal Adviser To Aps Former Upko Vice President And Chairman Of Legal Beareau).

19 comments:

  1. NCR is still valid.

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  2. Hope that the land and survey department will honor the NCR.

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  3. Baguslah kalau tidak dimansuhkan lagi sehingga sekarang.

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  4. Kita harap kerajaan akan meneruskan usaha mencari jalan penyelesaian untuk masalah ini.

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  5. hak NCR penduduk kena dipertahankan.

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  6. The Sabah Law Association sub committee on Native Laws Custom and Culture chairman Datuk John Sikayun said when commenting on the recent statement made by the Director of Land and Survey Department that claims of customary land beyond the 1930 Land Ordinance will be not included under the NCR but shall instead be treated as new land applications.

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    1. The Sabah Law Association claims that the director’s views clearly do not represent the state of NCR law established. Example in Rambilin’s case, Justice Ian Chin has ruled succinctly that though it was established that the land was the property of the State, it did not mean that a new native right to the land cannot coexist and that if such a right was to be extinguished, then it would be up to the Native legislators to do so by a specific and unambiguous legislative provision.

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    2. The Sabah Law Association also claims that if the director’s contentions are correct, then what it means is this, after 1930, NCR in Sabah does not exist. Therefore after 1930, any person claiming NCR on land will be treated as new land applications. This means that the person will have to apply to the ACLR under s. 14 of the Land Ordinance for a hearing and prove his claim with strong evidence at the hearing before the ACLR

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    3. The Sabah Law Association sub committee on Native Laws Custom and Culture chairman Datuk John Sikayun pointed out that this scenario can lead to a manifestly unjust result and can create conflicts and further undue hardships between competing claims by other applicants for the same piece of land.

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    4. Datuk John Sikayun said the director’s statement has also created uncertainty and anxiety. According to his views all persons claiming NCR on land shall be treated as new land applications

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  7. Earlier this year, Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS) deputy president Datuk Seri Dr Maximus Ongkili said today he disagreed with the interpretation of the Native Customer Rights (NCR) provision in the Sabah Land Ordinance (SLO) that there is “no NCR land after 1930″. Describing it as a wrong interpretation, he said that unlike in Sarawak, there is no cut-off point with regard to NCR land in the context of Sabah. He said that upon closer inspection of the State Land Ordinance very clearly, it does not say that.Therefore in Ongkili's opinion that it is a wrong interpretation because the judgements of the High Court of Borneo over the years have recognised the basis of NCR land established in Sabah. I think it is sad. Of course it is for the courts to decide when the matter comes up to the court but previous decisions that I have got from the Court of Borneo have been consistent that the customary rights can be established within the land ordinance. Otherwise all decisions of the court would have been wrong.

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  8. THE NCR law in Sabah is still subsisting until today. It was not repealed by the Land Ordinance 1930. The provisions under sections 13-16 of the existing Sabah Land Ordinance clearly show that NCR laws are still very much alive in Sabah.

    Kenyataan Pengarah Jabatan Tanah dan Ukur Sabah, Datuk Osman Jamal pada 26 September 2012 yang mengatakan bahawa Hak NCR Bumiputera sudah tidak berkuat-kuasa sejak 13 Disember 1930 dan pemohon selepas tarikh itu tidak lagi mempunyai hak demikian; hanya merupakan tafsiran peribadi dan bukannya tafsiran rasmi atau tafsiran dipihak kerajaan BN Sabah.

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  9. THE NCR law in Sabah is still subsisting until today. It was not repealed by the Land Ordinance 1930. The provisions under sections 13-16 of the existing Sabah Land Ordinance clearly show that NCR laws are still very much alive in Sabah.

    Jika benarlah tafsiran yang dibuat oleh Datuk Osman Jamal, bermakna beliau telah menghina keputusan-keputusan mahkamah sebelum ini yang mana telah mengiktiraf wujudnya hak asasi Anak Negeri walaupun selepas 1930. Malah kemenangan penduduk Kg. Lakang, Paitan dalam Daerah Beluran bagi kes tuntutan Tanah Adat pada July tahun ini juga mungkin boleh diragui keputusannya jika tafsiran Datuk Osman Jamal diambil kira.

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  10. THE NCR law in Sabah is still subsisting until today. It was not repealed by the Land Ordinance 1930. The provisions under sections 13-16 of the existing Sabah Land Ordinance clearly show that NCR laws are still very much alive in Sabah.

    Sebaliknya, Ketua Menteri Sabah Datuk Musa Aman sendiri pernah membincangkan perkara ini secara mendalam ketika mesyuarat kabinet negeri awal tahun ini susulan kenyataan yang sama dibuat oleh Peguam Besar Sabah Datuk Roderic Fernandez pada waktu itu. Kesudian Datuk Musa Aman membawa perkara ini ke mesyuarat kabinet negeri menunjukkan pendirian kerajaan Sabah sangat memandang serius isu Tanah Adat Negeri (NCR) dan berusaha mencari penyelesaian terbaik yang boleh menguntungkan semua pihak terutamanya penduduk pribumi negeri ini.

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  11. THE NCR law in Sabah is still subsisting until today. It was not repealed by the Land Ordinance 1930. The provisions under sections 13-16 of the existing Sabah Land Ordinance clearly show that NCR laws are still very much alive in Sabah.

    Malah Datuk Maximus Ongkili sendiri memberikan jaminan bahawa sekiranya tafsiran ini benar, PBS akan bertindak dengan mendesak kerajaan supaya melakukan pindaan dalam Ordinan Tanah Sabah bagi melindungi hak penduduk pribumi di negeri ini. Selain Maximus, Tan Sri Bernard Dompok juga tidak bersetuju dengan kenyataan atau pandangan yang cuba menafikan hak-hak pribumi Sabah.

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  12. THE NCR law in Sabah is still subsisting until today. It was not repealed by the Land Ordinance 1930. The provisions under sections 13-16 of the existing Sabah Land Ordinance clearly show that NCR laws are still very much alive in Sabah.

    Menurut Ordinan Tanah Sabah Bab 68, sesuatu kawasan akan diiktiraf sebagai kawasan Tanah Adat jika mana-mana daripada terma berikut dipatuhi:


    1. Perolehan tanah menurut Pegangan Adat/Kaum (di mana termanya diterangkan di "Seksyen 65");
    2. Tanah yang ditanami dengan buah-buahan, di mana jumlah pokok adalah antara 50 atau lebih pada setiap hektar;
    3. Pengasingan pokok buah-buahan, sagu, rotan atau lain-lain tanaman yang mempunyai nilai komersial yang mana dapat dibuktikan oleh penuntut kepada pemunggut tanpa keraguan;
    4. Tanah perladangan/ternakan;
    5. Tanah yang telah dimajukan atau diusahakan dalam masa tiga tahun berturut-turut;
    6. Tanah perkuburan atau tempat keramat;
    7. Jalan masuk biasa bagi orang atau binatang.

    Bukankah kewujudan terma-terma ini dalam Odinan Tanah Sabah membuktikan bahawa hak NCR Bumiputera masih berkuat-kuasa sehingga hari ini?

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  13. THE NCR law in Sabah is still subsisting until today. It was not repealed by the Land Ordinance 1930. The provisions under sections 13-16 of the existing Sabah Land Ordinance clearly show that NCR laws are still very much alive in Sabah.

    Kerajaan BN Sabah pada dasarnya menyokong tuntutan penduduk terhadap Tanah Adat ini dan tidak mahu kebajikan dan hak penduduk dipinggirkan. Lantaran itu, kawasan yang dituntut berkenaan jika terbukti mematuhi salah satu daripada terma-terma diatas melalui penyiasatan yang sistematik dan telus, perlu dan akan dikembalikan kepada penuntut mengikut keluasan yang sesuai. Kawasan berkenaan tidak boleh diberi kepada penduduk atau syarikat luar tanpa persetujuan majoriti penduduk asal kawasan berkenaan.

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  14. THE NCR law in Sabah is still subsisting until today. It was not repealed by the Land Ordinance 1930. The provisions under sections 13-16 of the existing Sabah Land Ordinance clearly show that NCR laws are still very much alive in Sabah.

    Jika ada pihak yang berpendapat bahawa kerajaan BN Sabah tidak melakukan apa-apa bagi menyelesaikan masalah ini, bagaimana boleh wujudnya cadangan mengeluarkan kawasan Tanah Adat menjadi Tanah Kerajaan yang boleh dipohon penduduk sama ada dalam bentuk geran persendirian atau geran komunal?

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